Bridge

 Bridge - a Card Game


Bridge is a trick taking card game which is one of the most popular card games around the world. In this game a standard 52 card deck is used.

It is played between two teams of two players each seated opposite on a four sided square table Millions of people play bridge worldwide in clubs, tournaments, online and with friends at home. The World Bridge Federation (WBF) is the governing body for international competitive bridge

The game consists of a number of deals each progressing through four phases. The cards are distributed to the players. Then the players ‘’call’’ (or ‘’bid’’) in an auction seeking to take the contract, specifying how many tricks the partnership receiving the contract (the declaring side) needs to take to receive points for the deal. During the auction partners are allowed to exchange information about their hands, including overall strength and distribution of the suits. The declaring side tries to fulfill the contract, and the defenders try to stop the declaring side from achieving its goal. The deal is scored based on the number of tricks taken, the contract, and various other factors depending to some extent on the variation of the game.

The goal of bridge is not simply to take the most tricks in a deal. Instead, the goal is to successfully estimate how many tricks one's partnership can take.

The most popular variation for casual play is rubber bridge. But most club and tournament play involves some variant of duplicate bridge, in which the cards are not re-dealt on each occasion. Two or more sets of players (or "tables") play the same deal to enable comparative scoring.



Auction

The dealer opens the auction and can make the first call, and the auction proceeds clockwise. A player may pass when it is his turn and can enter into the bidding later. A player may bid a contract, specifying the level of their contract and either the trump suit or no trump (the denomination), provided that it is higher than the last bid by any player, including their partner. All bids promise to take a number of tricks in excess of six, so a bid must be between one (seven tricks) and seven (thirteen tricks). A bid is higher than another bid if either the level is greater (e.g., 2♣ over 1NT) or the denomination is higher, with the order being in ascending order: ♣, ♦, ♥, ♠, and NT (no trump). Calls may be made orally, or with a bidding box, or digitally in online bridge.

If the last bid was by the opposing partnership, one may also double the opponents' bid, increasing the penalties for undertricks, and also increasing the reward for making the contract. Doubling does not carry to future bids by the opponents unless future bids are doubled again. A player on the opposing partnership being doubled may also redouble, which increases the penalties and rewards further.

Scoring

If the declaring side makes their contract, they receive points for odd tricks, or tricks bid and made in excess of six. In both rubber and duplicate bridge, the declaring side is awarded 20 points per odd trick for a contract in clubs or diamonds, and 30 points per odd trick for a contract in hearts or spades. For a contract in notrump, the declaring side is awarded 40 points for the first odd trick and 30 points for the remaining odd tricks. Contract points are doubled or quadrupled if the contract is respectively doubled or redoubled.

In both rubber and duplicate bridge, the declaring side is awarded 20 points per odd trick for a contract in clubs or diamonds, and 30 points per odd trick for a contract in hearts or spades. The declaring side is awarded 40 points for the first odd trick for a contract in nontrump and 30 points for the remaining odd tricks. Contract points are doubled or quadrupled if the contract is respectively doubled or redoubled.

In 1958, the World Bridge Federation (WBF) was founded to promote bridge worldwide

In 1935, the first officially recognized world championship was held. By 1937, however, the American Contract Bridge League (ACBL) had come to power (a union of the ABL and the USBA), and it conducts bridge tournaments in North America.

There are three annual bridge tournaments sponsored by the American Contract Bridge League (ACBL). The "Spring", "Summer", and "Fall" tournaments (NABCs) are usually scheduled in March, July, and November for about eleven days.

Some national contract bridge organizations now offer online bridge play to their members, including the English Bridge Union, the Dutch Bridge Federation and the Australian Bridge Federation.


No comments:

Post a Comment

  Highlights In 2009, in 98th Davis Cup, Spain defeated Czech Republic in Barcelona (5-0) In 2014, in 23rd SEC Championship Game, #1 Alabama...